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A Beginner’s Guide for Installation of Thermowell

Brian Craig

May 28, 2021

Thermowells play an important role in industrial processes. These are cylindrical tubes used to protect thermal equipment like temperature sensors from coming in direct contact with fluids. Since temperature is a crucial factor of industrial processes, the protection of temperature sensors ensures the durability of thermal equipment and desired temperature measurement. However, these devices are only helpful if installed properly. If you are unaware of its installation procedure, then this post is for you. This post offers detailed guidelines for the installation of one or multiple Thermowells in industrial systems and important considerations related to it.

Guidelines to Install Thermowells

Thermowell installation is a calculated and meticulous procedure. It requires an appropriate selection of Thermowells, calculation of insertion depth/ immersion length, selection of mounting methods, and shield installation. Let us discuss all three steps in detail.

1. Calculation of Immersion Length: The Thermowells are installed inside fluid pipes or vessels in an industrial fluid processing system. It is important to immerse these devices to the appropriate depth in pipes or vessels so that the entire sensitive area of the temperature sensor can be protected. As, the temperature sensors are inserted inside these protecting devices, therefore insertion depth of sensors should be considered.

The immersion length can be calculated by using the following thumb rules.
  • The immersion length of Thermowell depends on the diameter of the pipe or vessels. According to the thumb rule, the Thermowell should be inserted into 1/3rd or 2/3rd depth of the fluid stream.
  • The insertion length of the temperature sensor should be lesser than 1-2ʺ of the total length of Thermowell. This means the Thermowell should be 1-2ʺ longer than the sensor probe but it should expose the temperature sensing area for measurement.

2. Choosing the Right Mounting Method: The Thermowells can be mounted in three different ways. Select one of the following mounting methods based on application requirements.
  • 90° to The Pipe: This type of mounting is suitable to mount multiple Thermowells in series. The devices are installed perpendicular to the pipe without letting its tip touch the far wall of the pipe.
  • 45° to The Pipe: This type of mounting is suitable for installing Thermowells in the circumferential area of the pipe. The angle between the two devices remains 45° to each other.
  • In the Elbow: Elbows are exposed to temperature and pressure fluctuations in a fluid transmission system. The temperature sensors are installed at these elbows using Thermowells. These devices can be installed facing upstream or downstream.

3. Installation of the Shield: The Thermowells must be protected with a shield to prevent false temperature measurement. Often the sensors measure fluctuations in temperature however from the wall to sensor the fluid temperature may differ which causes false temperature measurement. Therefore the shield is installed between the walls of the pipe to the sensors.

Important Considerations to Make During the Thermowell Installation

The following factors should be considered while making the Thermowell installation.
  • Perform installation based on the type of fluid, i.e.; liquid or gas.
  • Consider parameters other than temperature such as pressure, fluid speed, etc.
  • Measure the distance between the sensor and pipe fittings.
Now that guidelines for the installation of Thermowells are discussed, the quality of devices must be verified. That is why you should source these devices from the trusted suppliers like The Transmitter Shop. The company offers high-quality Thermowells, temperature transmitters, etc. Since the inception, the company has offered high-quality devices, calibration, and repair services


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